Volleyball Hit Percentage
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When you’re just starting out or playing for fun, you might not feel the need to pay too much attention to volleyball stats. However, once you start playing at a more serious or professional level, it becomes more important to track certain statistics, including your volleyball hit percentage.
Keep reading for a rundown of the ins and outs of volleyball hit percentage, including the calculation to determine how effectively you’re performing.
A team or player’s hitting percentage is the statistic that tells you the success rate of a player’s attacks. This is one of the most important volleyball stats for more serious tiers of play because it demonstrates how effective a player is on the court.
In order to calculate a player’s volleyball hit percentage (PCT) for a given match, you need to know the total kills (K), hitting errors (HE), and zero attacks (ZA) made by that player. The formula for this calculation is:
(K – HE) / (K + HE + ZA) = PCT
Say a player makes 8 kills, 3 hitting errors, and 10 zero attacks over the course of a match. The formula would then fill in like so:
(8 – 3) / (8 + 3 + 10) = PCT
5 / 21 = .238
When talking about a player’s hitting percentage, ignore the decimal point and treat the stat like a regular number in the hundreds. In the case of our hypothetical player, their hitting percentage would be verbalized as “Two hundred thirty-eight”.
A “kill” is awarded to a player any time their attack is unreturnable by the opposing team, leading directly to a point for that player’s team. Note that serves are not considered attacks. A point scored by a player serving the ball is not added to that player’s total kills.
Hitting errors or attack errors occur when a player hits the ball in a way that negates their team’s scoring opportunity or allows the other team to take possession and score. These include:
- The ball lands out of bounds
- The ball hits the antennae on the top of the net
- The ball is blocked by the opposition, potentially leading to a point
- The attacker commits a center line violation
- The attacker is called for illegal contact with the ball
If the attempted attack fails to score, but the ball remains in play, the resulting stat is called a “zero attack.” This statistic contributes to the player’s Total Attack score at the end of the game but doesn’t count as a hitting error.
A good hitting percentage is anything above 300. A player in the 200 range would be considered average volleyball stats, while 100 is below average but still contributing to the team’s overall score.
It takes a ton of work and practice for a player or team to reach a good hitting percentage, so don’t be discouraged by an average or below-average score. The greatest benefit of tracking volleyball stats is to use them as motivation to keep working on your technique and team strategies.
While hitting percentage is perhaps the most important statistic to measure, there are several other statistics your team can set goals for to improve their overall performance.
For instance, your team can track their ability to serve the ball through a serving percentage calculation, which should be above 90% for a successful team. Another of the helpful volleyball stats include pass quality rating. This is scaled from 0 to 3, with 3 assigned to the most successful and highest-quality passes.
The goals your team members should be trying to reach depend on their positions and how frequently they are expected to make contact with the ball. For instance, your middle blockers should get a higher percentage than your outside players. You should set your team’s overall goal at 300, which indicates an above-average performance from all or most teammates.
How rigorously your team will be expected to track their stats depends on the level at which they play the sport. For instance, the NCAA has specific rules and procedures regarding tracking and reporting volleyball stats. Traditionally, stat trackers would use pen and paper to record each player’s performance; however, nowadays, several volleyball stats trackng apps are available to help streamline the process.
While calculating your team’s volleyball hit percentage may not be a priority for recreational players, the statistic can be handy for tracking and improving your overall performance as a player. At more serious levels, knowing your hitting percentage becomes an essential part of improving your game and monitoring how effective your presence on the team is.